In an effort to stave off EU censure, Poland’s prime minister on Thursday took a leaf out of Jean-Claude Juncker’s e-book — nearly actually.
Mateusz Morawiecki offered the European Fee president with a 94-page “white e-book,” drawn up by his authorities, which seeks to point out that Warsaw’s overhaul of the authorized system doesn’t undermine the rule of legislation — opposite to the view of the Fee, a number of EU member international locations and civil society activists, who see the revamp as an influence seize by the ruling Regulation and Justice get together.
Warsaw’s effort to grab the initiative was paying homage to a technique deployed by Juncker himself final 12 months, when he unveiled a white paper on EU reform that set the agenda for debate in regards to the bloc’s future.
The transfer appears unlikely to vary the Fee’s thoughts however it could at the least purchase Poland a bit of time in its battle with Brussels. Final December, the Fee took the unprecedented step of triggering the so-called Article 7 process — a authorized course of that may result in the imposition of sanctions on an EU member nation. The Fee gave Poland three months to handle the issues it has recognized.
Morawiecki claimed that the reforms boosted the independence of the judiciary.
The Polish authorities’s doc argues that its judicial reforms meet EU requirements and “are impressed by good practices of different member states.” It says its Nationwide Council of the Judiciary, for instance, is elected in a fashion similar to one in Spain and states that in Germany “there isn’t any such council in any respect.”
The Fee, in contrast, assessed that the reforms contravene Poland’s personal structure and EU legislation. It concluded there was a “clear danger of a severe breach of the rule of legislation” in Poland.
However Morawiecki claimed in Brussels on Thursday that the federal government’s reforms boosted the independence of the judiciary.
“We consider that by this reform, we’re considerably enhancing and strengthening independence and objectivity,” he instructed reporters.
Final week, members of the European Parliament voted by a large majority to assist the Fee’s stance and known as on the Council to “swiftly decide” whether or not Poland is susceptible to a severe breach of EU legislation.
Since Morawiecki — a easy media performer — grew to become prime minister late final 12 months, Warsaw has proven a higher willingness to have interaction in dialogue with Brussels. However its underlying message has remained the identical — it received’t again down.
The Council might vote by a four-fifths majority that there’s “a transparent danger of a severe breach” of the EU’s core values.
Hoping for assist from EU member governments, Morawiecki mentioned he had despatched the white e-book to all European capitals. “We’ll now within the subsequent couple of weeks attempt to attain out to everyone who want to discuss to us,” he mentioned.
The Article 7 course of can finally result in the suspension of a member nation’s voting rights contained in the EU. The probabilities of Poland dealing with this sanction are slim as all different EU international locations would wish to agree and Hungary, for one, has already mentioned it might veto such a step.
Nevertheless, the Council might vote by a four-fifths majority that there’s “a transparent danger of a severe breach” of the EU’s core values — which might be the primary time it had ever handed such vote of censure towards considered one of its personal members.